Education & training
Geriatric medicine the branch of medicine concerned with all aspects of health and illness in older adults. Geriatrician performs comprehensive medical care to older people, who may have may have several medical conditions and are often taking multiple medications. The work also involves promoting better health in old age. Illness may present in unusual ways in older people, they frequently have multiple pathologies that interact, and they are particularly prone to adverse drug reactions. Changes that occur as a result of ageing mean that older people have different patterns of disease presentation when compared to younger adults, and they respond to treatments and therapies in different ways. Common problems faced by elderly people include falls with or without fracture, delirium, dementia, incontinence, poor mobility and frailty, stroke, Parkinson's disease. Orthopaedic and trauma surgeon specialises in acute injuries, congenital and acquired disorders and chronic arthritic or overuse conditions of the bones, joints and their associated soft tissues, including ligaments, nerves and muscles.